The different types of material, textiles and cloth
By Natalie Tsang
August 10, 2011
While some fabrics like cotton or wool are named for the materials theyre made of, others like satin, organza, and taffeta are defined by how theyre made. Different methods of weaving can change how a type of fabric feels and looks. Back in the day, satin, organza, taffeta, chiffon, and tulle were made of silk, but can now be made of synthetic materials. This is great news because it makes for affordable wedding dresses.
Satin and taffeta dresses are elegant and made of relatively thick fabrics. These are suited for winter and fall weddings because they offer more warmth. Organza, chiffon, and tulle are often sheer and offer a soft romantic vibe.
Satin wedding dresses are the most popular type of wedding gown and can be used for any silhouette. Satin is a smooth, glossy fabric that is traditionally made from silk, but can also be made of nylon or polyester. If your gown has soft, heavy folds, it is probably made from satin.
Taffeta, also known as silk taffeta, is a crisp, smooth medium to heavy weight fabric. The Persian word means twisted woven. It is crisp, stiff, and strong. Taffeta wedding dresses are perfect for women who want dresses that make a rustling sound. However, due to its high sheen, it can look very shiny in photographs.
Organza is lighter than satin yet heavier than taffeta. It is a favorite among brides because it is stiff but not heavy. It is often used for dresses that have a sheer yet structured look. It has a slight sheen and can be easily paired with other fabrics. Beadwork and lace are popular accessories on organza wedding dresses and its a perfect choice for a summer or spring wedding gown that still has a distinct shape.
Chiffon comes from the French word for cloth or rag. (Dont let the word rag turn you off.) It is a sheer, flowing fabric that drapes well. Due to its see-through qualities, chiffon wedding dresses require a lining. Its lovely for sheath dresses, but does not have the structure for trumpet or ball gowns.
Tulle is named after a city in the southern central region of France that was famous for its lace. Tulle wedding dresses usually feel soft and lightweight. Like chiffon, it is often used as an overlay or it can be layered. Bridal veils are also made from tulle.